FPTIPLSRLF DNAMLRAHRL HQLAFDTYQE FEEAYIPKEQ KYSFLQNPQT SLCFSESIPT
PSNREETQQK SNLELLRISL LLIQSWLEPV QFLRSVFANS CVYGASDSNV YDLLKDLEEG
IQTLMGRLED GSPRTGQIFK QTYSKFDTNS HNDDALLKNY GLLYCFRKDM DKVETFLRIV
(Disulfide bridge: 53-165, 182-189)
FDA APPROVED, 2020/8/28, SOGROYA
Growth hormone (GH) receptor agonist
Treatment of growth hormone dificiency
albumin-binding growth hormone
Somapacitan, also known as NNC0195-0092,3 is a growth hormone analog indicated to treat adults with growth hormone deficiency.2,6 This human growth hormone analog differs by the creation of an albumin binding site, and prolonging the effect so that it requires weekly dosing rather than daily.5
Somapacitan was granted FDA approval on 28 August 2020.7
Somapacitan, sold under the brand name Sogroya, is a growth hormone medication. Somapacitan is a human growth hormone analog. Somapacitan-beco is produced in Escherichia coli by recombinant DNA technology.
The most common side effects include: back pain, joint paint, indigestion, a sleep disorder, dizziness, tonsillitis, swelling in the arms or lower legs, vomiting, adrenal insufficiency, hypertension, increase in blood creatine phosphokinase (a type of enzyme), weight increase, and anemia.
Somapacitan (Sogroya) is the first human growth hormone (hGH) therapy that adults only take once a week by injection under the skin; other FDA-approved hGH formulations for adults with growth hormone deficiency must be administered daily.
Somapacitan should not be used in people with active malignancy, any stage of diabetic eye disease in which high blood sugar levels cause damage to blood vessels in the retina, acute critical illness, or those with acute respiratory failure, because of the increased risk of mortality with use of pharmacologic doses of somapacitan in critically ill individuals without growth hormone deficiency.
Somapacitan was evaluated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 300 particpants with growth hormone deficiency who had never received growth hormone treatment or had stopped treatment with other growth hormone formulations at least three months before the study. Particpants were randomly assigned to receive injections of weekly somapacitan, weekly placebo (inactive treatment), or daily somatropin, an FDA-approved growth hormone. The effectiveness of somapacitan was determined by the percentage change of truncal fat, the fat that is accumulated in the trunk or central area of the body that is regulated by growth hormone and can be associated with serious medical issues.
At the end of the 34-week treatment period, truncal fat decreased by 1.06%, on average, among particpants taking weekly somapacitan while it increased among particpants taking the placebo by 0.47%. In the daily somatropin group, truncal fat decreased by 2.23%. Particpants in the weekly somapacitan and daily somatropin groups had similar improvements in other clinical endpoints.
- “Sogroya (somapacitan-beco) injection, for subcutaneous use” (PDF). Retrieved 1 September 2020.
- “FDA approves weekly therapy for adult growth hormone deficiency”. U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (Press release). 1 September 2020. Retrieved 1 September 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- “FDA approves once-weekly Sogroya for the treatment of adult growth hormone deficiency”. Novo Nordisk (Press release). 28 August 2020. Retrieved 1 September 2020.
- “Sogroya: FDA-Approved Drugs”. U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Retrieved 2 September 2020.
- “Somapacitan”. Drug Information Portal. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
|Other names||somapacitan-beco, NNC0195-0092|
|Drug class||Human growth hormone analog|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||23305.42 g·mol−1|
|2018-000232-10||A dose-finding trial evaluating the effect and safety of once-weekly treatment of somapacitan compared to daily Norditropin® in children with short stature born small for gestational age with no catch-up growth by 2 years of age or older||Phase 2||Ongoing, Prematurely Ended||2019-05-15|
|2015-000531-32||A randomised, multinational, active-controlled,(open-labelled), dose finding, (double-blinded), parallel group trial investigating efficacy and safety of once-weekly NNC0195-0092 treatment compared to daily growth hormone treatment (Norditropin® FlexPro®) in growth hormone treatment naïve pre-pubertal children with growth hormone deficiency||Phase 2||Ongoing, Completed||2015-12-10|
|2014-000290-39||A multicentre, multinational, randomised, open-labelled, parallel-group, active-controlled trial to compare the safety of once weekly dosing of NNC0195-0092 with daily Norditropin® FlexPro® for 26 weeks in previously human growth hormone treated adults with growth hormone deficiency||Phase 3||Completed||2014-11-07|
|2013-002892-16||A multicentre, multinational, randomised, parallel-group, placebo-controlled (double blind) and active-controlled (open) trial to compare the efficacy and safety of once weekly dosing of NNC0195-0092 with once weekly dosing of placebo and daily Norditropin® FlexPro® in adults with growth hormone deficiency for 35 weeks, followed by a 53-week open-label extension period||Phase 3||Completed||2014-10-07|
|2018-000231-27||A trial comparing the effect and safety of once weekly dosing of somapacitan with daily Norditropin® in children with growth hormone deficiency||Phase 3||Ongoing|
|2013-000013-20||A randomised, open-labelled, active-controlled, multinational, dose-escalation trial investigating safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of a single dose of long-acting growth hormone (NNC0195-0092) compared to daily dosing of Norditropin® SimpleXx® in children with growth hormone deficiency||Phase 1||Ongoing, Completed||2013-12-09|
///////////Somapacitan, PEPTIDE.2020 APPROVALS, FDA 2020, ソマパシタン,